Nicol Galanderian (also Nikol) is a noted composer of Armenian music and is especially known for vocal, choral and children's works whose primary source of inspiration is folk music and urban folksong.
In 1900, Galanderian began studies under the noted Armenian composer Komitas Vardapet at the Gevorgian Seminary. He studied with Komitas for two years becoming familiar with Armenian church music and the Armenian notational system. He studied the violin and guitar on his own and continued to explore music theory.
In 1910, Galanderian accepted a teaching position in Tbilisi, Georgia and in 1911 began his composing career with his first composition based on a text of Avetik Issahakian "Yerger ou verker" ( "Songs and Wounds").
With the recognition of his work came an invitation to teach at the Hykazian School in Tehran, Iran, where he lived and composed for the rest of his life. In Tehran, he organized and conducted the "Goghtan" choir, an Armenian choir that performed many of his works.
In 1913 he wrote a children's opera and, in 1924, many other compositions for children. Many of his works draw upon Armenian poetry and writings. His works draw upon the poetry of Vahan Terian, Hovhannes Toumanian, Avetik Issahakian and others. Galanderian's work includes the operas Parvana (a lake in Georgia), Hovik ("Breeze") and Lalvari vors ("Lalvar's Prey").
Galanderian's compositions and manuscripts are in the archives of the State Museum of Art and Literature in Yerevan, Armenia.