Mikael Tariverdiev (15 August 1931 – 24 July 1996) was a prominent Soviet composer of Armenian descent. Tariverdiev headed the Composers' Guild of Soviet Cinematographers' Union from its inception.
Tariverdiev was born in Tbilisi, Georgian SSR to Armenian parents, but lived and worked in Russia. Tariverdiev graduated from Moscow Gnessin Institute (in the class of Aram Khachaturian).
Tariverdiev is an author of over 100 romances and 4 operas, including the comic opera Graf Cagliostro and monoopera "The Waiting". But he is best known for his music in many popular Soviet movies (more than 130 films, included "Seventeen Moments of Spring" and "The Irony of Fate"—see List of film music by Mikael Tariverdiev).
Mikael Tariverdiev was a recipient of many awards, including the USSR State Prize (1977) and the Prize of the American Music Academy (1975). He was awarded a titlePeople's Artist of Russia in 1986. He won three Nika Awards for Best Composer in the 1990s.
The Best Music prize at the largest Russian National Film Festival Kinotaur is named after Tariverdiev. After the Tariverdiev's death a group of admirers of his music organized the Mikael Tariverdiev Charity Fund and Tariverdiev International Organ Competition.